Tag Archives: metabolic rate

There Might Be a Connection Between Your Genes and Your Fat

If you are overweight, your genes could be at fault. Research studies have found that your genes could be linked to a variety of factors, from your cravings to your lagging metabolism, to the fat on your belly.
Researchers say that a certain mutation in genes called KSR2 may be responsible for the hunger pangs and slowing down of the metabolism in obese people. Not just KSR2, there is another gene known as the MRAP2 which alters the body’s basic process of utilizing energy.
Then there is FTO, commonly known as the “obesity gene”, which regulates the level of hunger inducing hormone, known as ghrelin.

But along with genes, your environment and behaviour also play a big role in cravings, metabolism and fat. While genetic factors like FTO do play a role in development of obesity, genetic factors do not stop you from shedding off fat weight. The process might be slower than that of the average person, because of certain factors, but if you exercise regularly and eat healthy, there is no reason for you to not lose that stubborn belly fat. Also, regular exercise and diet over an extended period of time can increase your metabolic rate and help you reduce fat more efficiently.

The genes and DNA of an entire race of people in a certain region of the world could be responsible for higher fat levels. For example, people in South Asia are more prone to put on weight around their bellies. And fat accumulation in the abdominal region is the worst kind of fat possible, since it is the most dangerous as it is responsible for a variety of diseases. In fact, not just fat accumulation around the belly, even gaining muscle mass is harder for South Asians, compared to the average European population. The genes of an individual could even be such because of the previous generations’ poor food habits and low physical activity. South Asians in general are less active during their growth years and have an overall poorer diet quality than Europeans. There has even been a study that has found a connection between the health of parents and a new born baby. Parents who were unhealthy when they conceived the child passed on poorer quality genes to the child.

Irrespective of your genes, the right diet and exercise can help you lose weight and mildly alter your body type, even if you are genetically more prone to becoming obese. It might take a little more effort than it does for the average individual, but you will be doing yourself a favour, since you will be fitter and healthier.

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo
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Calories Lost While Resting

Even when we are at rest, the vital organs of our body keep functioning. We burn calories during rest and the rate at which calories are burnt at rest is called the Basal Metabolic Rate [BMR]. This is closely related to Resting Metabolic Rate [RMR], i.e., the rate at which energy is expended daily by humans. The body only burns calories during rest to function properly. For instance, it takes energy, or calories, to keep your heart beating, your lungs breathing and your brain cells communicating. You also burn calories at rest by digesting food; this is called thermogenesis, or the “thermic effect of food”. But the main source of calorie burning is physical activity.

The number of calories burnt depends upon an individual’s physical and non-physical activities. The non-physical activities include sleeping, sitting, eating and other sedentary activities. These sedentary activities still require energy and hence burn body fats and sugar. The number of calories burnt during rest depends on several factors such as weight, age, gender, body composition, metabolism and environment and hence it varies from person to person.

The best way to increase BMR or RMR is to build lean muscle tissue, which is very metabolically active, which means that the body burns a lot of calories just to keep the tissue healthy and functioning optimally. Poor nutrition, lack of sleep and less physical activity tend to slow down your metabolic rate.

Even while sleeping, a person with greater muscle mass burns more fat and sugar, compared to a person with lesser muscle mass. A single pound of muscle consumes 50 calories a day, while a pound of fat consumes only nine calories.

You can burn more calories while resting by following the tips given below:

1)Lack of sleep leads to weight gain. Hence you need to have sufficient sleep to burn calories.

2)Be an active person to build more lean muscle mass, which will help you increase your metabolic rate.

3)Avoid consuming alcoholic drinks before going to sleep or rest as it may slow down your metabolic rate.

4)Avoid stress while resting as it will slow down your metabolic rate by increasing the levels of the hormone cortisol, which lowers the metabolic rate.

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

How Water Can Help you Lose Weight

Did you know that water can help you lose weight? Recent research suggests that increased water consumption is tied to greater weight loss. Drinking water is good for health. Water aids in losing weight because it diminishes your hunger and also helps cut calories at meals.

Water is an essential component of our life. Every function in the human body depends on water. For example, water protects vital organs and tissues, carries nutrients and oxygen to your cells, lubricates the joint, helps dissolve nutrients and minerals, and regulates body temperature.

But many people do not drink much water until they feel thirsty. Drinking water in the morning increases the metabolic rate and actually helps promote weight loss. Water even contains trace amounts of minerals and vitamins, with 0 calories.

Water acts as an appetite suppressant. It fills you up and keeps you away from overeating. You feel less hungry with better control on your cravings. It was discovered that people who drink water before meals eat an average of 75 fewer calories during the meal. It also helps lower the body’s cholesterol levels and helps the liver metabolize extra fat.

If you usually don’t drink enough water, it will cause water retention and will add to your weight, making you seem very bloated. Dehydration or not drinking enough water can be responsible for slowing down your metabolism.

According to many researches, its being said that when you feel bloated, drink more water so that your brain gets a signal that the body has received sufficient water and now the retained water needs to be flushed out.

So always keep yourself hydrated. Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day to help remove toxins from your body and boost your metabolism naturally.

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

Does Sweating Result in Weight Loss

One of the most common myths in fitness is that sweating helps you lose weight and burn more fat. There are lot of weight loss companies that use the technology of steam/sauna baths to make you sweat for weight loss. In reality the weight loss experienced with high temperature is water weight lost through sweating.  Sweating is our body’s natural way of cooling the system. Whenever there is rise in temperature which could be due to physical activity or general increase in temperature we break  in to sweat.

Let us give you an example of what we mean by losing water weight. Start with weighing yourself. Then sit in a room, in the middle of summer, without a fan and ac. You will sweat a lot due to the heat. After one hour you go and weight yourself. You will see you have lost a few grams on the weighing scale. Now go and drink a litre of water and then weigh your self. You will see that the weighing scale is back to your original weight. A note that it is impossible to put on weight with drinking water as it has zero calories. So now you might be more wise before you sign for a spa weight loss program.

There are genetic and fitness reasons why some people sweat more than the others. For-eg men sweat more than women because women sweat at higher temperatures than men. Then fitter people tend to sweat lesser than non-fit people doing the same physical activity  and lastly overweight people tend to sweat the most is because fat acts like an insulator under the skin that raises the body temperature a lot faster.

Our body is constantly working and therefore it burns calories, this phenomenon is also commonly known as body metabolic rate. The idea here to make you aware that sweating has nothing to do with weight loss. It is right kind of exercise and diet that help you lose weight. Exercise should be planned around the fitness levels and bodytype of an individual. Lot of people also consider walking as an exercise but it actually a form of physical activity. And you do not lose weight with just walking everyday. Walking is good when you are looking to manage your weight and lose it. Read here to know why walking doesnt help in weight loss.

Lastly one must be careful what you eat when on a weight loss program. Exercise alone will not give you the desired results. Half of your weight issues stem from unhealthy eating. Stay away from generic fad diets easily available everywhere. Not only do they not help in weight loss they also deprive your body of key nutrition. Make sure your diet is well-balanced. Dont hesitate to take professional help to understand what diet is best for you.

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

What is Making You Fat

We know enough about the repercussions of being fat, unfit or eating unhealthy foods which can cause metabolic disorder and cause weight gain. Though we read about healthy food options to include in our diet and presume to have fixed all the factors for weight loss but yet weight loss seems to not happen.

Burger (Cr/freedigital)

Did you fix quitting junk food that adds only calories, fats and not nutrition ? Have you started eating foods that are healthier than what you were eating earlier? You are reading the best of advices and following them too but the outcome is not satisfying. Where is it that you are going wrong and what is it that you do to make weight loss happen and not get fat. Fix the loopholes where you are going wrong and correct it to lose weight.

Its not just about eating the right amount of calories , it is about ensuring they meet the daily nutritional requirement intake for a healthy metabolic rate. Read below for factors that probably are holding you back from losing weight.

Fluids: It is lots of water that you have to drink through out the day and not energy drink, iced teas, lemon drinks, sodas and sweetened beverages. Do you know how many packets of sugar are these pre-packaged drinks are adding to your diet  even if they are being marketed as healthy. These drinks might even sabotaging your fitness routine by increasing your daily intake of required calories. Instead stick to water to rev up metabolim and keep the body hydrated.Water is zero calories and preloading with it before a meal can help you lose weight fast.

Portion Control: You feel unsatisfied when you eat small meals. Large meals make more calorie intake which is over your daily nutritional requirement and gets saved as fat. Eat in small plates, chew slowly and stop eating once you feel full.

No Fiber: Fiber helps in better digestion of food and absorbs lots of water from the body. If you have water retention then add fiber to your diet. Fiber also keeps you feel fuller for a longer time without adding any extra calories.

No Exercise: Exercise boosts weight loss. You are eating to your requirement which will help you lose weight but exerise will accelerate the calorie burn in the body and give quicker results. As more muscles are improtant higher metabolism and weight loss, regular exercise will develop muscles in the body.

Missing Meals: Some people miss meals to fasten their weight loss presuming to save calories for the day. Missing meals makes the body go in the mode of starvation where the body burns the reserves slowly. Eat you meals at time as you would miss on the nutrition for that meal. Eating the next meal after the missed meal makes you consume more calories as you are hungry, which would get saved as extra calories as skipping meals slows the body’s natural metabolic rate.

Cheat Meals: It is alright to have a cheat meal once or twice a week but if you are cheating more unhealthy meals for healthy meals then you are slimming your chances of losing fat. It disrupts the weight loss process as the body takes time to adjust to a pattern before showing results.

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

Best Weight Lifting Exercises

Weight Lifting builds muscles and accelerates the metabolism of the body. More muscles inthe body will result in higher metabolic rate. You can do compound exercises, means multi-joint movement exercises that work multiple muscles at one time, either by using body weight or lifting weights that have been designed to work specific muscles in the body in order to build them.

Muscular body

Weight lifting is a technique that provides resistance to the muscle to increase their mass and strength. It is one of the more popular forms of strength training that helps building the size and strength of skeletal muscles. Skeletal muscles are the voluntary muscles in our body that are attached to the bones through bundles of fiber.There are many exercise that help develop and strengthen various skeletal muscles in the body. Below is  the list of  best weight lifting exercises for different muscle groups like biceps, triceps, shoulders, chest, back, abs, quadriceps, hamstring, calves and forearms.

Best Weight Lifting Exercises

Best Weight Lifting Biceps Exercises

Barbell Curl: This is the most basic of bicep exercise where to increase its effective increase the weight with which you do not moe than 10 reps. You can do it alternately and do it with barbells for proportionate growth.

Preacher Curl: Preacher curl works the muscle in isolation and exerts stress on the muscle for increase in mas and strength. Helps work the fore arms also.

Close Grip Chin Ups: This is a great compound exercise where it requires lifting the body weight with biceps working the core as well. Build strength and stamina in the muscle.

Best Weight Lifting Triceps Exercise

Dumbbell Tricep Extension: You can do tricep extension either on the bench lying or sitting or on a decline bench. Triceps extension helps the muscle work in isolation and build triceps big.

Dips: Keep your body upright to allow maximum tension on the triceps to build power , strength and mass. You can do dips with a bench, parallel bars or by the side of your bed.

Bench Press: On of the most effective tricep exercise where you can increase tension by add extra weight. You can do bench press with dumbbells or barbells. It works the triceps and the chest also.

Best Weight Lifting Shoulders Exercise


Upright Rows: This exercise builds muscle mass and stregth and brings power to the shoulders. You can do upright rows with barbells or dumbbells.

Overhead Press: You could do overhead press with dumbbells or barbells. Overhead press is a highly effective shoulder exercise. Maintaining the right positions will build immense strength and muscle.

Lateral Raises : Lateral raises can be done with dumbbells and you could do two types of the raises. Front lateral raise for front deltoids and side lateral raise for side deltoids.

Best Weight Lifting Chest Exercise


Bench Press: It is a effective exercise for building upper body especially the chest and triceps as they exert maximum tension on them. There are many variations you can do with bench press like with dumbbells or barbells on decline, incline or flat bench. Increase weight for muscle mass.

Butterfly Machine: Butterfly machine pumps up the chest and builds big chest muscles. Cable cross over and dumbbell fly are also highly effective exercise.

Incline dumbbell Fly: Mind the posture while doing this exercise. It is a isolation exercise for chest and works for a big bulging muscular chest.

Best Weight Lifting Back Exercise

Pull Ups: One of the best back building exercise. The exercise is difficult in the beginning but gradually build endurance and strength in the core which involves the back. You can do variations with chin ups or pull ups. Do palms facing inwards, outwards, inverted chin ups and parallel grips.

Rowing: Rowing helps build overall back muscles in mass and width. You can choose between barbells and dumbbells and increase weight to increase intensity. You can do bent over row, dumbbell row or machine row.

Dead lift: It is a complete back exercise which involves power. The deadlift works the thighs, glutes and calves along with the complete back. Builds power, mass and strength and size.

Best Weight Lifting Abs Exercise

Crunches: Highly effective exercise for the rectus abdominis (6 packs). It is a beneficial exercise for beginners and works in building muscle and strength.

Hanging Leg Raises: This exercise works the entire core and involves hanging in the air while performing the exercise. It works the lower abdomin region and can be done with bent knee raises and staight knee leg raise. It buildd strength and enduarnce in the ab region.

Twist: As you need to burn fat from the sides and build oblique muscle twist exercise is a highly effective exercise for strengthening core muscles and losing fat from the sides. Tones the back and abs.

Best Weight Lifting Quadriceps Exercise

Squats: It works the front thighs, glutes and lower back. For strong lower body and and big muscles squats is highly effective. It can be done with barbells for increase in intensity. Mind the posture while doing squats.

Lunges: Maintaining a right posture and keep back straight is important while doing lunges. Exert pressure with front thighs to push body weight up and not the back. Tones the thighs, glutes, back and hips. Use dumbbels for bigger and toned muscles.

Leg Extension: This exercise is an isolation exercise for front thighs. It pumps up the thighs and helps build muscle mass and strength. One of the best exercise to build quadriceps.

Best Weight Lifting Hamstring Exercise

Romanian Dead lifts: This deadlift works the hamstring, glutes and lower back. It build muscle mass and strength in the hamstring for muscular thighs overall.

Straight Leg Dead lifts: It takes a lot of effort to do this exercise where you are supposed to keep your legs staright and not bent. Though is a compound exercise which works the calves, glutes but very effective for hamstring.

Lying Leg Curl: It is a isolation exercise completely for hamstring. Again a great exercise to build strength and muscles in the hamstring. Do it easily and properly for maximum benefits.

Best Weight Lifting Calves Exercise

Standing Calf Raise: It invoves raising your body slowly on your toes and stretching the most while at the top. Don’t jump while doing the exercise and add weights on the shoulders to increase the intensity. You can use a barbell, smith machine, hip belt, dumbbells to do variations with calf raises.

Seated Calf Raise: Concentrate on the bottom and top part while performing the exercise. Use weight to build big muscular calves. Check the momentum of the exercise and don’t hurry through.

Best Weight Lifting Forearms Exercise

Wrist Curl: This exercise works the inner forearms while it increase the width of the wrist for building muscles. It involves curling the wrist and can be done with weight for more muscle mass and strength.

Reverse Curl: This exercise works the outer forams. Usually this muscle of the forearms get missed out reducing the size of the forearms. Use weights to increase intensity of the exercise.

 

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

Five Best Exercises For Weight Loss

Exercise is a weight loss booster as it accelerates burning of calories and the fastest mean to burn fat and lose weight. You can choose exercise according to your body type for losing weight from specific areas like glutes, thighs, belly etc. Playing sports or lifting weight is equivalently beneficial in dropping some extra pounds from the body. More muscles induce higher metabolic rate and exercise helps build muscle for you to burn more calories while resting.

Man exercising(Cr/freedigital)

The idea behind losing weight with exercise is to cut down on accumulated fat. As our body needs fuel for daily functioning we have to eat a certain amount of calories to meet the requirement. Diet can make us lose weight but exercise accelerates the weight loss process. Balanced diet with exercise is the best combination for weight loss. Start your exercise plan
according to your body type and shape up your self from losing the hanging belly to bulging biceps and a toned body.

Shake yourself and get started with your exercise plan for quick weight loss and define your own body. Here are some exercises for weight loss.

Planks: Start your exercise routine with plank exercises as it warms  up the body while stabilizing the muscles. Planks are one of the best exercise for building abs and building core strength. Core is required in anything that we do from lifting, walking etc. Strong core with help  move the body with ease and be active for intense workouts. Most of us have hanging bellies which start getting conditioned and toned with plank exercise. Include side planks to further increase the benefits.

Squats: Toned legs get many eyeballs rolling down and squats is a super exercise to work the legs. Less people work on their lower body which makes the body look uneven. Toned legs will give you are better and confident walk. Squats work the entire body and can be done in variations. It tones and burns fat in the glutes, thighs and hamstring areas. You can use weights to make squats intense or can do it using body. Check whether you are doing the right posture otherwise you could complain for back ache.

Push ups: The exercise works the upper body and increases the strength of forearms, wrist, upper arms, shoulders and chest. They accelerate the blood flow in the body and improves heart health. Using various grips like diamond pushups, close grip, wide grip benefit and work different muscle in the upper body. If you are a women you can do women pushups to slowly strengthen your upper body.

Russian Twist: If fat on your sides and belly is troubling you and you want to increase your enduarance  then do Russian Twist. This exercise works the core and obliques working for a flat and defined waist and stomach. Include the exercise in your routine and burn fat around you belly. Use swiss balls or snay thing to hold between your hands to increase the intensity of the exercise.

Bur pees: It is a great aerobic exercise that works the entire body and tests your guts too. It involves your legs, back, torso, neck and arms. It involves in jumping, squatting and stretching in one exercise. It accelerates the calorie burn as it involves many muscles and involves lots of fast movements. To intensify the exercise set time limit to perform a definite number of repetitions.

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

Lean Body Tips

You can get lean body as fast as you lose fat from your body and bring fat down to 10% of the body weight. Lean body mass is the weight of bones, organs and muscles in the body other than fat. Reduce the fat on the body and increase the muscle percentage for a leaner body with muscles.

Tips for lean body

Fat: Burn the fat in the body and get the fat percentage below 10%. Reducing fat from the body is important in getting a lean body. Quit eating fattening food and oily food.

fitcouple(Cr/freedigital)

Build Muscles: Building muscles will increase the lean body mass and also increase the metabolic rate to burn more fat in the body. Muscles will make the body toned and make you look fitter than usual.

Preloading: It is important to eat according to the body requirement because all the extra calories other than the daily body requirement gets stored as fat. Preload with water half an hour before the meal which will make you eat less along with portion control.

Nutrients: If you are looking for a ripped professional body then you need to balance the intake of protein, carbohydrates and sufficient vitamins and minerals. If there is more carbohydrates and protein in the diet than the body requirement then the extra calorie from them will be stored as fat. (more…)

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

4 Keys to Weight Loss for Women

There could be many reasons why women gain weight. The most common ones include sedentary lifestyle, emotional eating, therapeutic reasons, and poor eating habits. If you are a woman and are trying to lose weight then here 4 areas of your lifestyle that might help you keep off that weight. 

A healthy diet should include adequate intake of all the essential nutrients. For example, protein for muscles and hair, carbohydrates for energy, good fats like omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, fibre for smooth digestive function and vitamins and minerals for various bodily functions. A healthy diet is essential not just to stay disease free, but even to stay fit and slim. It is the first and most important step to healthy weight loss. Also, a healthy diet with make you look good externally, which will further motivate you and boost your confidence. 

Diet: We rarely realise the hundreds or thousands of calories that sneak in to our system through unhealthy nibbling, small dessert bites and unnecessary snacking. There has to be a certain eating pattern and moderation in intake of calories. Our bodies require a certain number of calories in order to maintain weight and fat levels. the calorie intake should not cross the number required. (more…)

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo

Anti-Inflammatory Foods

Wrong posture or over working the muscle can causes inflammation in the tissues causing pain, redness, swelling and stiffness. Inflammation can happen in any patrt of your body from your toes, legs, joints to the neck, eyes etc.

Injured Player(Cr/freedigital)

People who play sports, workout in the gym or general physical exertion can result in inflammation where the body starts to fight the wear and tear of the tissues of excess exercition causing inflammation in the area.

Too much of fat in the body, sugar, protein and dehydration can increase inflammation in the body. Stress and lack of sleep also cause inflammation in the body which can lead to aging and developing diseases. Diseases causes by severe inflammation may not get perceived by the body and grows in the body without much of physical pain.

The following foods can help to reduce inflammation (more…)

— this article is written by a dietitian @ FitHo