Lactose intolerance, also called lactase deficiency and hypolactasia, is the inability to digest lactose, sugar found in milk and to a lesser extent milk-derived dairy products. Lactose intolerance is caused by reduced or absent activity of lactase that prevents the splitting of lactose (lactase deficiency).When lactose moves through the large intestine (colon) without being properly digested, it can cause uncomfortable symptoms such as gas, belly pain, and bloating. Some people who have lactose intolerance cannot digest any milk products. Others can eat or drink small amounts of milk products or certain types of milk products without problems. Lactose intolerance is common in adults. It occurs more often in Native Americans and people of Asian, African, and South American descent than among people of European descent.
The amount of lactose an individual can tolerate varies from person to person. Many people with lactose intolerance can tolerate some lactose-containing foods by adjusting the type, amount and timing of these foods. Some patients may need to (or may choose to) limit or eliminate these foods completely. If you wish to include lactose-containing foods in your diet, the following suggestions given by UVA nutrition services may help the one to deal with the lactose intolerance problem. Always consult with your health expert before making changes to your prescribed diet.
LIVING WITH LACTOSE INTOLERANCE
1. Add new foods one at a time; decrease the amount, or eliminate the food, if symptoms occur.
2. Most people with lactose intolerance do not need to avoid all dairy products, for example:
Cultured yogurt contains live cultures that naturally help digest lactose. Many people with lactose intolerance tolerate cultured yogurt well. Check labels to see if a yogurt contains live cultures or hard cheese is low in lactose and is usually well tolerated
3. If you wish to drink milk, try taking small amounts (1/2 cup at a time). Many people can tolerate up to 2 cups of milk per day when taken in smaller servings spread out over the course of the day.
4. Foods that contain lactose may be better tolerated if they are eaten with a meal.
Foods made from certain dairy products (such as pudding, cream soups, cream or cheese Sauces, etc.) also contain lactose. The amount of lactose in a product will depend on the amount of dairy products used. Other foods such as baked items, instant mixes, salad dressings , etc. may also contain lactose. The following ingredients suggest a product contains lactose.
Butter, Caseinates, Cheese, Cream, Curds, Dry milk solids, Lactose, Milk, Milk by-products, Milk solids, Milk sugar, Non-fat dry milk powder, Skim milk solids, Whey, Yogurt
5. Lactose can also be found in medications:-
Check for lactose on the label, although it does not have to be listed; if you are very sensitive to lactose and have persistent symptoms, ask your pharmacist to help you. Ask your doctor to prescribe a lactose-free alternative if one exists.
6. Specialty Products:-If you are not able to tolerate lactose-containing foods using the above suggestions, special products are available. Keep in mind, not everyone with lactose intolerance needs special products; many people can tolerate regular dairy products by adjusting the type and amount consumed.
* 100% lactose reduced milk is available in the dairy section of most grocery stores.
* Available in nonfat, 1%, 2%, and whole milk varieties.
* Lactose reduced milk contains the same nutrition, including calcium and vitamin D as regular milk.
* Lactose reduced milk does cost a bit more than regular milk.
* Lactose reduced milk may taste sweeter than regular milk.
7. Lactase Enzyme Supplements
These products contain the enzyme lactase, which is needed for the digestion of lactose. Available in tablet or chewable form.
Soy milk, rice milk and almond milk are lactose free. If you plan to use these products as an alternative calcium and/or vitamin D source, read labels carefully and choose a brand which specifically states it contains these nutrients and in what amounts.
Calcium and Vitamin D
If you are on a low lactose diet, discuss your calcium and vitamin D intake with your physician or dietitian. Studies have shown that individuals with lactose intolerance often do not take in enough of these nutrients. Inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake increases the risk of osteoporosis. A dietitian can help you determine whether you are getting enough of these nutrients in your diet.
There is no known way to prevent lactose intolerance. However, one can lead a healthy and normal life by managing their daily diet routine and incorporating products that are lactose free, yet with healthy nutrients. The key is to have balance of all vital nutrients and implementing guidelines that are meant for lactose intolerance condition
Research is trying to figure out if better immunity can be achieved through exercise. As there are many factors involved in immunity like age, diet exercise etc. Exercise is vital in life as it keeps one active, maintain blood sugar levels, increases absorption of nutrients and for various other purposes. Diet and exercise form a great combination to increase immunity and keep us healthier and fit.
We eat foods that boost immunity but if the metabolism of the body is slow then the absorption of vitamins and minerals important to boost immunity will slow. Exercises help increase metabolism, so improving metabolism through exercise will help improve immunity through increased absorption of essential nutrients. Improved blood flow through exercise will help the immunizing nutrients to transport faster in the diseased area helping fight the infection, germs and bacteria and flushing toxins out of the body.
Weight loss and diets arn’t really about not eating and starving yourself to burn fat. You could eat the same quantity and lose weight. Not eating is unhealthy for our body as it effects the immune system and the body’s power to fight infections and slows down the metabolic rate. Would you rather eat healthy and lose weight or not eat and get unfit.
There are certain foods that are low calorie and some foods provide no calories at all. Our bodies require a certain number of calories per day and eating beyond it would store the calories. Usually when we are eating we give less importance to the calorie intake but rather eat till we feel full. So here are food options that will fill you up and keep the calorie intake balanced and low.
Fresh foods: If you want to eat choose natural food options like fruits, vegetables, cereals and pulses etc. The cheese burgers, pizzas, patties, fried foods, heavy snacks, empty calorie food provide less nutrition and are fattening. 1gm of fat provides a lot more calories than whats carbohydrates or protein provide. So changing your habits and eating healthy food will help you consume less calories,keep you full and fat especially which gets difficult to burn.
Fruits and vegetables Salads Read more
Supplements for bodybuilding are called dietary supplements used by people deficient of certain nutrient in the body or for building body or to balance the body nutrition for higher fitness levels. Supplements could be for building muscles, mass gain, vitamins and minerals, amino acids etc. Supplements are also used to accelerate metabolsim to gain fitness.
As more people are gearing towards getting a fit body they are considering adding supplements to their diet. People looking to build body are looking out for whey protein to build muscle fiber, mass gainer to gain mass and increase weight, fish oil tablets for vegetarians deficit of omega fatty acids, calcium supplements to add on to their natural dairy intake that is not sufficient to meet the daily dietary requirement. Read more
Kids need a filling and nutritious diet for growth and unhealthy foods will slow down their growth if the daily nutrition is not met accordingly. From carbohydrates for energy to go non-stop through out the day, the amino acids from protein to build muscle and recover them, vitamins and minerals for healthy functioning of organs and chemical reactions in the body
and fat for good cholesterol and cushioning of organs.
Though kids like foods that are surprising and delightful to their taste buds. Get creative with your recipes and start making your food nutritious and attractive. Here are foods for kids to kep them healthy. Give your child plenty of options ranging from chocolates to everything that they like.
Cornflakes with milk and fruits: We all feed our kids with cornflakes but make it more healthy with adding fruits to it. Include the fruit that your kids like eating. Strawberry, grapes, nuts, seeds, apples, bananas etc. This meal will provide your kid with carbs, protein and essential vitamins and minerals along with iron to improve metabolism.
Eggs: Eggs provide a lot of satiety and protein, vitamins and minerals. Make it healthier by adding a slice of cheese or add a few slices of vegetables like tomatoes, cucumber etc. The meal will keep the kids feel fuller and have lots of nutrition for a good growth.
Sandwiches: What about adding a slice of lean meat for non-vegetarians and cottage cheese for veggies ? Play around with your stuffing options with boiled mashed potatoes, cheese slice, tuna or vegetables. Choose whole grain bread or multiflour bread to make it more healthy.
Drinks: Say no to aerated drinks including the cola’s and sweetened sodas as they would add empty calories which is not healthy for a childs growth. Provide other varities from fresh fruit juice, lemonade, buttermilk, banana milk shake, mango shake and other shakes with fruits, nuts and seeds.
Walnuts: For healthy functioning of mind omega fatty acids are equally important. Walnuts, flaxseed and fish products like salmon, tuna etc are rich sources of omega 3 fatty acids which are important for developement of childs brain.
You can pick lots more healthy options for your child. Keep foods providing empty calories and junk that add no nutrition away from their diets. Use less oil in the food and avoid fried foods. Follow these basics and keep your kids healthy.
There have been health myths whether pasta is healthy for the diet or not. It could be healthy with the right ingredients and cooking it to the right temperature and softness. Pasta can be made into a complete nutritious meal.
Here are tips on how to cook healthy pasta.
Go for whole wheat pasta: When you pick your raw pasta opt for whole wheat grain pasta or multi grain pasta which will keep the calorie intake low and provide the body with fiber and absorb the excess water from the body.
Do you cook the pasta ‘Al Dente’ ?Pasta when cooked Al dente has a lower glycemic index when overcooked. Pasta when cooked al dente is soft but not too soft and holds the shape and feels just perfect to the mouth while chewing it. Basically, what that mean is that pasta should not be cooked till it is completely soft. When it is ‘al dente’ Read more
We know how iron is important and its presence in the blood helps carry oxygen to the cells for energy production and good health of tissues. For a good metabolism oxygen is required in the cells. The iron helps carry the oxygen through blood to every cell. Do you remember how a good metabolism helps lose weight?
28-30 mg is the daily requirement of iron and is vital for a good immune system, build resistance and vital for brain development and concentration. Fainting, fatigue, rapid heartbeat are some of the common symptoms involved with iron deficiency. Iron has a low absorption rate in your body and can be increased with Read more
You stay away from the most obvious signs of sugar in your food,. Avoid desserts, don’t take sugar in your tea/coffee. But sometimes you ignore the not so obvious forms of sugar that might be harming you. To start the damage control right away here are a few ways how sugar is finding way to your system.
Cola drinks(Regular and diet): The cola drinks are soda and added sweeteners and artificial colors present in it. The soda present in it increases the level of co2 in the body which results in the reduction of anti-oxidants in the body. It contains a high amount of sugar in it which is not good for the health Read more
During the nine days of Navratras, many Indians observe certain fasting rules, or follow certain dietary pattern or refrain from eating certain foods, as a cultural practice. Now, its great to have cultural practices and to follow them, but we wanted to discuss the broader health aspects behind them, and how they can be really leveraged to get the health benefits. Let’s first look at Navratras from a broader cultural perspective.
The practice of abstaining from food or certain foods is of course to show your respect to the Gods, but there could be a hidden health angle to it, helping you detox your body, improve your immunity and overall health. Let’s show you how
Ever wondered that why is it that we eat some foods raw and some that we cook before eating. The health myth around it is that cooking the food kills bacteria and it is not safe to eat it raw. Firstly not all foods can be eaten raw for eg. meats. Meats can’t be eaten raw as it might contain the bacteria borne by the animal itself and need to be boiled and cooked to free it of the bacteria. Secondly its completely healthy to eat raw or slightly cooked vegetables as not only that they are healthiest in their natural form but each of these vegetables have distinct flavors that can only be tasted when eaten raw. Overcooking the vegetables kills the enzymes present in it making it not so nutritious and good for the health and digestion.
Here are a few tips on why to eat this and not that
Celebrations and gatherings often take you out for lunches and dinners. Parties, marriages and office meeting wire you up all the time and you probably eat out most of the time. You get variety of food that confuses your mind and makes you indulge in eating all your favorite food laden with butter, cream, sweets, hydrogenated flour, oil, alcohol and of course no one to stop you for the portion control. You need to realize that it is not healthy to eat everything fattening because when you eat more than your caloric requirement the body starts to store the extra calories which eventually show up on your back, hips, thighs, hands and chin. You would not like that, would you ?
Usually you find fattening, rich and oily food served across all restaurants and food chains. The reason why these foods dominate the menu is that they are cheaper to prepare and are delicious to taste. But this shouldn’t let you get distracted from making healthy decisions and still enjoy eating out.
Here are few handy tips that will keep you stay on track. Drink a glass of water before you pick the plate up. Know some of the options that you can choose from when you eat out. Read more
A man’s quest towards a healthy lifestyle while he attempts to get the physique he always dreamt of. Here is a success story of Jeetu Soni who lives in Africa and has lost weight and gotten into a better physique to look better than he has ever before.
Jeetu, at 33, was shocked to be told by that doctor that he is suffering from High BP and high cholesterol.The seriousness of his health struck him when his cholesterol levels rose to 250 range. The doctor confirmed that due to bad eating habits, irregular lifestyle and high consumption of alcohol Jeetu had managed to push his body in this unfit state of affair.
Just like anyone else that hardest part was reversing the lifestyle by taking a control of their eating habit and starting a regular exercise routine. Read more
Best thing about being a kid was playing games and indulging in all sorts of fun outdoor activities. But gradually the trend is changing, kids these days are hardly seen playing outdoors. Its important to involve children in daily physical activities which will help them grow both physically and mentally. It is becoming increasing important to ensure that the child is being given the right encouragement. As the anecdote suggests, all work and no play makes John a dull boy. Here a few easy tips to get your child started with some fun outdoor activities.
Sports: Develop a interest in a sport or two in your children. Team games will increase competition amongst children for increasing efficiency. Check that he is playing the sport and not hanging around and just watching others. Participating in sports will make your kids more active.
Fun workouts: Children are moody and joyful. They like games, exercises which are fun and not boring. Ask your child which sport he enjoys and support him in his liking for the sport so that he plays it and has fun along with it. Cycling, dancing, skipping are a few that you can get them started with.
Good Habits: Inculcate good habits in your children. Don’t over reward your child for every little achievement he makes. Keep a check on their eating habits and develop their taste buds to nutritious foods rather than burgers and pizza’s which will cause problems in their efficiency and weight gain. ( link it to child obesity link)
Be a Instructor: Children look up to their parents for advices and help. If possible accompany your child for a game and teach him the game. This will increase the interest level and will improve his performance in the game. Proper training and guidance can make him a rookie.
Don’t compare: With increasing competition pressure, we want our children to out beat every one. Don’t pile the pressure on your children. Some children are slow at learning and learn according to their own pace, comparing them might demotivate them. Let your child have his space.
Make learning fun for children with the direction and help them be fit and healthy.
Do you eat at midnight ? A research suggests that snacking post dinner increases your weight and drags you towards being fat. Eating after dinner adds extra calories to your body at a time when it is not required. Late night munching is an acquired habit that one gets addicted to after sometime and gets into a cycle of binging on high calorie food like ice-creams, junk food, chips, chocolates etc post dinner.