Tomatoes have fleshy internal segments filled with slippery seeds surrounded by a watery matrix. They can be red, yellow, orange, green, purple, or brown in color.
Although tomatoes are fruits in a botanical sense, they don’t have the quality sweetness of other fruits. Instead they have a subtle sweetness that is complemented by a slightly bitter and acidic taste.
Cooking tempers the acid and bitter qualities in tomatoes and brings out their warm, rich, sweetness.
Tomatoes are a good source of calcium and iron. They also contain phosphorus, sulfur and
potassium. its rich in vitamin c and vitamin a.
Tomato juice is a strikingly good source of several important vitamins. A serving of tomato juice has almost one quarter of a day’s recommended vitamin A and almost three quarters of the recommended vitamin C. It is also high in vitamins B-6 and K.
Nutritional value of tomatoes
Tomatoes have been known to comprise of a number of important nutrients and are believed to accord a number of nutritional benefits to their users.
Tomatoes are said to diminish the risk of a number of fatal ailments, like cancer and heart attack.
The presence of antioxidants in tomatoes is said to be helpful in cleansing toxic compounds from the body. Lycopene, present in tomatoes, has been known to neutralize free radicals in the body and cut the risk of prostate cancer.
The vitamin K present in tomatoes helps in keeping the bones strong and healthy. It also helps prevent hemorrhages. Consuming raw tomato on a regular basis can help improve the texture of your skin and add glow. Throughout the world tomatoes have been recognized, for their blood purifying properties.
Tomato pulp can help heal sunburn, wounds and sores. It also helps the body by preventing diarrhea and soothes eye irritation as well. Pregnant women, suffering from morning sickness, will benefit from tomato consumption.
Calories in tomato
100gm of tomatoes contains only 20 calories. Tomatoes are considered a ‘negative calorie food”.
Carbohydrates 6g, sodium 7g, protein 1g.
149gm of Tomatoes contains vitamin A 25%, Vitamin C 32%, calcium 1%, Iron 2%.
Tomatoes contains thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, zinc, copper, potassium, magnesium, riboflavin.
Health tips for tomato
Tomato is low in saturated fat, sodium, and cholesterol. Its high in dietary fiber, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K. So again tomatoes are ideal for weight gain and maintaining optimum health.
Eating tomatoes, ketchup, tomato sauce and tomato paste topped pizza more than two times a week can reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
Most raw vegetables are superior to cooked ones with regard to vitamin content. Overcooking veggies can rob them of much of their nutritional content.
Tomatoes, however, are a notable exception, particularly with regard to Lycopene, an important carotenoid with anti-oxidant characteristics.
Processed tomatoes — that is, cooked ones — have greater available Lycopene than raw ones. Tomato sauce and soup — and even ketchup! — are better sources of Lycopene than fresh tomatoes.