Green peas, botanically classified as a fruit, have been used as vegetable, for cooking purposes since ages. They can be described as the small, spherical seeds or the pods of the legume pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas. There are generally three types peas that are commonly eaten: garden or green peas, snow peas and snap peas.
Green peas are mainly cultivated during the cool season. Apart from being very rich in protein, they hold a high nutritional value in the form of vitamins and minerals too.
Green peas are a very good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, dietary fiber, folate and thiamin (vitamin B1). They are also a good source of vitamin A, phosphorus, vitamin B6, protein, niacin, magnesium, riboflavin (vitamin B2), copper, iron, zinc and potassium.
Being low in calories, green peas are good for those who are trying to lose weight. Green peas are rich in dietary fiber, making them good for those suffering from constipation.
Green peas might prove beneficial for those suffering from the problem of high cholesterol. The high amount of iron and vitamin C in green peas has been found to help strengthen the immune system.
The lutein present in green peas helps reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration and cataract. Green peas slow down the appearance of glucose in the blood and thus, help keep the energy levels steady.
Green peas have been found to aid energy production, nerve function and carbohydrate metabolism. Green peas provide the body with those nutrients that are important for maintaining bone health. The folic acid and vitamin B6 in green peas are good for promoting the cardiovascular health of an individual. Being rich in antioxidants, like vitamin C, green peas can help keep cancer at bay.
1 cup (145gm) peas contain 117 calories.
100 gm of pea contains:
Carbohydrates – 14.5 g, Sugars – 5.7 g, Dietary fiber – 5.1 g, Fat – 0.4 g, Protein – 5.4 g, Vitamin A – 38g, Beta-carotene – 449g, Vitamin C – 40.0 mg Calcium – 25.0 mg.
Iron – 1.5 mg Magnesium – 33.0 mg Phosphorus – 108 mg Potassium – 244 mg Zinc – 1.2 mg Energy – 80 kcal (340 kJ) .
Peas also contains Thiamin (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3)
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5), Vitamin B6, Folate (Vitamin B9).
Health tips for peas
As you can see the health benefits of peas are many:
Low in saturated fat
Very low in sodium
Very high in dietary fiber
But peas are high in sugar. Again Peas’ “sugar” is a far cry from the white stuff we spoon into our coffee, or the high fructose corn syrup we gulp down in our sodas. And unlike other sweet mutations, the “sugar” in peas isn’t void of nutrients but comes bundled with an amazing assortment of valuable vitamins and mineralsPeas can be healthy for you and may help you lose weight when included in your diet & exercise plan. To help you lose weight in a healthy balanced way and keep it off, see the Fitho weight loss diet plan, designed by dieticians and experts, now available for Rs 799.