The term “bell pepper” or “pepper” or capsicum” is often used for any of the large bell shaped capsicum fruits, regardless of their color. While the bell pepper is a member of the capsicum family, it is the only capsicum that does not produce capsaicin, a lipophilic chemical that can cause a strong burning sensation when it comes in contact with mucous membranes.
Bell peppers are botanically fruits, but are generally considered in culinary contexts to be vegetables. A wonderful combianation of tangy taste and crunchy texture, they are the Christmas ornaments of the vegetable world with their beautifully shaped glossy exterior that comes in a wide array of vivid colors.
The color can be green, red, yellow, orange and more rarely, white, rainbow(between stages of ripening) and purple, depending on when they are harvested and the specific cultivar.
Green peppers are less sweet and slightly more bitter than red, yellow or orange peppers.
Red peppers have more vitamins and nutrients and contain the antioxidant lycophene compare to green peppers.
The level of carotene, another antioxidant, is nine times higher in red peppers.
Red peppers also have twice the vitamin C content of green peppers.
Bell Peppers Nutrition
Brightly colored bell peppers, whether green, red or yellow are rich sources of some of the best nutrients available.
bell peppers are extremely rich in vitamin C. this vitamin is not only a powerful antioxidant which helps protect us against harmful free radicals, it is essential for the health of our muscles, our bones and our gums.
The vitamin E in bell peppers, helps our bodies to repair wounds such as cute, abrasions and bruises. It can also help to prevent certain types of breast disorders in women.
The phytochemicals found in bell peppers in abundance have a significant number of potential benefits to our health. These benefits include anti-cancer properties (especially lung cancer,) keeping our skin healthy and eyesight keen and boosting the functions or our immune systems
The bell pepper (also known as Capsicum) is:
• Low in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol, and Sodium High in Dietary Fiber, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Vitamin B6, Potassium, Manganese, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Folate, Pantothenic Acid and Magnesium.
Bell peppers Calories
164gm of bell peppers(sweet, raw, green) contains: calories 213KJ, calories from fat 18.4 KJ, calories from carbohydrate 167 KJ, calories from protein 27.2 KJ.
Protein 1.6 g, carbohydrates 10.3 g, water 151 g, Ash 0.8 g.
Bell pepper contains vitamin A(alpha carotene, beta carotene)
Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, betaine, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Folate.
Peppers contain calcium 11.5 mg, iron 0.7 mg, magnesium 19.7 mg, phosphorus 42.6 mg, potassium 346 mg, selenium 0.2 mcg, sodium and zinc.
Health Tips for Bell peppers
The nutritional value and health benefits of bell pepper makes it ideal for:
• Maintaining optimum health
• Weight loss
Don’t include too much bell pepper in your diet if you’re interested in:
• Weight gain
Although all peppers contain a trace of their nutritional values, red peppers that have been left on the plant to ripen have been found to have eleven times more beta carotene than the green peppers. red peppers have Vitamin C and Vitamin E and These two nutrients are essential in preventing Heart disease and stroke, and aid in the prevention of some cancers and cataracts