The flour which comes from the grain of wheat is used in making bread and biscuits, cakes and confectionery, puddings and pies. Wheat is rich in carbohydrates , protein for growth and development, the essential B vitamins for good health, good nerves and good digestion and important minerals like iron for healthy blood and calcium for strong bones and teeth. Wheat flour gives us dishes that are good to eat-and the nourishment essential to good health.
Nutrition of Wheat
It contains Manganese, Phosphorus, Magnesium and Selenium in very large quantities. Rich in Zinc, Copper, Iron and Potassium. However, Calcium is also present in small amounts. Wheat is rich in Vitamin B6, Niacin, Thiamin, Folate, Riboflavin and Pantothenic Acid. Vitamin E and Vitamin K are also present in small but considerable amounts. Consuming 100 gm of wheat gives 339 calories. It is rich in protein and provides daily requirement of energy and works as a good laxative.
Health Benefits of Wheat
Whole wheat reduces the risk of heart disease by decreasing cholesterol level, blood pressure, and blood coagulation.
A diet that is rich in whole wheat consumption reduces the risk of cancer amongst people. The dietary fiber present in it plays an important role in the prevention of cancer.
Whole wheat products prove to be an extremely rich source of the mineral, selenium important for healthy body functioning.
Daily intake of whole wheat products ensures an overall increase in health and decrease in obesity.
Rich in nutrients, whole wheat provides consumers a feeling of fullness, thereby reducing the risk of overeating.
Consumption of whole wheat reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome, thereby preventing visceral obesity, low levels of protective HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides and high blood pressure.
It is a low-calorie food, reduces the risk of heart diseases and also helps in regulating blood glucose in people with diabetes.